As per the Massachusetts School Library Program Standards for the 21st Century Learner:
Challenging inquiry-based research projects
There are collaboratively designed inquiry-based lessons that move beyond topical research to incorporate essential questions and authentic learning tasks. Value for original thought and personal knowledge construction is demonstrated
Scaffolded Research Projects: Research projects are scaffolded to facilitate student understanding and learning.
According to McKenzie (2000); research project scaffolding: provides clear directions, clarifies the purpose of the research assignment, keeps students on task, clarifies teacherexpectations, points students to worthy information sources, reduces studentresearch uncertainty, surprise, and disappointment, maximizes research efficiencyand learning, and creates momentum toward personal knowledge and understanding.